Different Floor Materials from Around the World

Houses in the West are mostly plaster walls and wooden floors with carpeting, but not all houses look like that around the world. Some use extraordinary materials that complement their climatic and weather conditions, while others reflect the changes that have seeped in through modernization. Here is a look at the various types of flooring materials from around the world:

The African Continent

The vastness of this continent is only matched by the diversity of its people. Each separate modern state has several different cultures within it, and each have their own distinctive ways of living. The desert tribes of the Sahara – the sedentary ones – live in mud huts that are baked by the sun. They remain surprisingly cool during the day, while retaining the day’s heat at night, when the desert becomes freezing cold. Countries in northern Africa have houses lined with terra cotta tiles or simply smooth cement, and are not much different in material to South Asian homes. Some have vinyl plank flooring.  Further towards the south however, the richer houses will be tiles or carpeted over wooden floors (unpolished) or cement floors, while the poorer dwellings are hard-packed dirt floors.


The Asian Continent

The biggest continent in on the planet, Asia has several distinctive regions. The Middle East is in central Asia, and as one of the richest regions in Asia, carries opulent palaces that have marble and ceramic tiles or polished wooden floors. The more common homes are cement-floored. In South Asia, most houses have smooth cement floors with the more affluent homes having tiles floors. Vinyl carpeting is popular for covering up the cement, as is find commercial vinyl flooring adelaide, although it’s more expensive. Older colonial architecture shows wooden floors, particularly in the upper storey. As the landscape changes to East Asia, the materials become more ephemeral until in the extremes of Japan, even the floors are made of plaster and inlaid with tatami (rush or reed) carpets, designed to withstand the earthquakes that frequently sweep the area.

The South American Continent

South America is a hot and humid continent for the most part, and its building materials reflect its need for cool indoors. Most houses have smooth cement floors and/or terra cotta tiles in colourful patterns. Some also have tiles but the majority use vinyl carpets over bare cement. The very few affluent villas may have polished wooden floors, but the humidity makes them impractical. The best kind of floor is one where the heat of the day is absorbed into the ground and wind circulates through the house from big open windows.